Types of Waves Suitable for Surfing

When low-pressure weather systems are created in the middle of the ocean, waves are formed. Waves move in a ripple-like movement. Waves can travel long distances more than hundreds and even thousands of miles before they die out. This "break" in the wave is what excites the surfers. Waves move in groups and this is termed as "sets" in the surfer language. Such waves are huge, strong, and very suitable for surfing. The timing between each set varies from as less than three minutes to a maximum of thirty minutes.

Not all waves are good for surfing. The three common waves that surfers ride on and these are beach breaks, reef breaks, and point breaks. These three breaks produce waves suitable for surfing.


Beach Breaks

These are created when a wave travels from deep waters to shallow waters and passes over a sandy seabed. These waves are short, hence the risk associated is less as the surfer falls on the sand bed. However, few beach breaks are large and powerful. These breaks are suitable for beginners as they travel with less force.

Reef Breaks

These breaks are created when waves break on coral reefs or a bed of rocks. Reef breaks are consistent when it comes to their shape and peak locations. Reef breaks break quickly and are more powerful than beach breaks, hence they are suitable for intermediate and advanced surfers.

Point Breaks

Point breaks occur when a wave breaks on a part of the land area that is projecting out or along a rocky edge. These waves travel only in one direction. Point breaks are quite popular and surfer friendly. This is suitable for professional surfers and for those who want to fine-tune their surfing skills.